Java Coffee Culture: Indonesian Coffee Belt and Best Coffee Spots in Jakarta and Bali


Indonesia, a sprawling archipelago of over 17,000 islands, is a haven for coffee enthusiasts. While the country boasts a rich diversity of coffee varieties, Java, one of its main islands, stands out as the epicentre of Indonesia’s coffee culture. The fertile volcanic soil, tropical climate, and altitude make Java ideal for cultivating high-quality coffee beans. This article delves into the unique coffee culture that has flourished in Java, exploring the different regions within the country’s Coffee Belt and Best coffee spots to try.

The Birth of Indonesian Coffee

Java Coffee Culture

Coffee cultivation in Indonesia dates back to the 17th century when the Dutch East India Company introduced coffee plants to the archipelago. Due to its favourable climate and soil conditions, Java became a focal point for coffee cultivation. Initially, coffee was cultivated on large plantations by the Dutch colonialists. Over time, however, the coffee industry in Java evolved, and local farmers began cultivating coffee independently, contributing to the vibrant coffee culture we see today.

Regions within the Coffee Culture Belt

West Java

West Java is renowned for its Arabic coffee, which is grown in the mountainous regions surrounding cities like Bandung and Garut. The Ciwidey and Pangalengan regions are particularly famous for their Arabica beans, which are known for their bright acidity, floral notes, and distinct flavours. Coffee plantations in West Java often offer breathtaking views of terraced landscapes and lush greenery.

Central Java

In Central Java, the Dieng Plateau and Temanggung regions are notable coffee-producing areas. The volcanic soil in these regions imparts unique characteristics to the coffee beans. Central Java is known for both Arabica and Robusta varieties. Visitors to coffee plantations in this area can witness the traditional process of coffee cultivation, from harvesting to roasting.

East Java

East Java is home to some of Indonesia’s most famous coffee produce regions, including Ijen and Bromo. The Ijen plateau is renowned for its high-altitude Arabica coffee, which is grown near the majestic Ijen volcano. East Java’s coffee culture is deeply rooted in local traditions, with many coffee farms embracing sustainable and organic practices.

Specialty Coffee in Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta, a cultural hub in Java, has seen a surge in speciality coffee culture. The city is dotted with artisanal coffee shops and roasteries that focus on high-quality, single-origin beans. The local coffee scene in Yogyakarta reflects a blend of traditional Javanese hospitality and modern coffee appreciation.

Culture Significance of Coffee in Java

Coffee in Java is not merely a beverage; it’s a cultural institution. The tradition of brewing and serving coffee is deeply ingrained in the social fabric of Java. Javanese coffee ceremonies, known as “tukeran kopi,” are a common practice, providing an opportunity for friends and family to gather, share stories, and enjoy the rich flavours of local brews.

Best Coffee Spots in Jakarta

Tanamera Coffee Roastery


Location: Jl. Thamrin No.Kav. 28-30, RT.9/RW.5, Gondangdia, Menteng, Central Jakarta.

Why Visit: Tanamera is a renowned coffee roaster with a commitment to high-quality Indonesian beans. The stylish and modern ambience, coupled with knowledgeable baristas, makes it a favourite among coffee enthusiasts in Jakarta.

Toko Kopi Tuku 


Location: Jl. Cipete Raya B No.7, Cipete Sel, South Jakarta

Why Visit: Tuku Coffee Brewers is a speciality coffee shop located in Cipete Area. The ‘Es Kopi Tuku’ is a top-notch recipe, rich, and flavorful, brewed to perfection. It’s a perfect spot to catch up with friends and your go-to coffee place.

115 Coffee


Location: Jl. Panglima Polim IX No. 22, RT.3/RW.1, Melawai, Kby. Baru, South Jakarta.

Why Visit: Known for its minimalist design and focus on quality coffee, 115 Coffee is a popular spot for coffee aficionados. The menu includes a variety of brewing methods and single-origin beans.

Giyanti Coffee Roastery


Location: Jl. Surabaya No.20, RT.14/RW.5, Menteng, Central Jakarta.

Why Visit: Giyanti is a small but vibrant coffee shop celebrated for its dedication to speciality coffee. The cafe serves a rotating selection of single-origin beans, and its cosy atmosphere is perfect for a relaxing drink coffee experience.

Best Coffee Spots in Bali

Revolver Espresso


Location: Jl. Kayu Aya No.3, Seminyak, Kuta, Badung Regency.

Why Visit: Revolver Espresso is a hip and stylish cafe known for its excellent coffee. The menu features a variety of coffee options, and the atmosphere is perfect for both casual and dedicated coffee lovers.

Seniman Coffee Studio


Location: Jl. Sriwedari No. 5, Ubud, Gianyar.

Why Visit: Seniman Coffee Studio in Ubud is a haven for coffee enthusiasts. They roast their beans on-site and offer a range of brewing methods, allowing visitors to explore the nuances of Indonesian coffee in a relaxed setting.

BGS Bali


Location: Jl. Munduk Catu No.1, Canggu, Kec. Kuta Utara, Kabupaten Badung, Bali 80361

Why Visit: While known for its delicious signature coffee, ‘ Almond Latte ‘, BGS Bali also serves excellent service and sells surf essentials. It’s a popular spot in Canggu, providing a cosy atmosphere for enjoying both sweet treats and quality coffee.

Expat. Roasters

Coffee shop bali

Location: Jl. Pantai Berawa No.99, Tibubeneng, Kuta Utara, Badung Regency.

Why Visit: Expat. Roasters is a speciality coffee shop in the Berawa area. It’s appreciated for its commitment to quality beans and skilled baristas, creating a welcoming space for a cup of coffee enthusiasts in Bali.

These coffee spots in Jakarta and Bali offer diverse experiences, from speciality local coffee culture roasteries to organic coffee, allowing you to explore the rich and varied coffee scenes in both bustling city centres and serene coastal towns.

Unveiling the Mosaic of Indonesia’s Coffee Heritage from West to East

Java’s Coffee Belt is a testament to the rich tapestry of Indonesia’s coffee culture. From the misty highlands of West Java to the volcanic landscapes of East Java, each region contributes to the diversity and uniqueness of Indonesian coffee. As the global demand for specialty coffee continues to rise, Java’s coffee industry is poised to captivate the palates of coffee enthusiasts worldwide, offering a journey through the flavours and traditions of this enchanting island.

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